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However, students are required to complete 6 credit units of courses in the English and Chinese course list approved by the University. Search Search Keywords Submit Search. Associate of Science in Surveying Estate Surveying.


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Note: The following curriculum information is subject to periodic review and changes. Credit Units Required for Graduation. The Associate of Science in Surveying Estate Surveying aims to produce graduates to possess: specialist and content-based knowledge and skills related to surveying professionals to enable them to work as a competent associate professional in the surveying and construction industry; and intellectual abilities and transferable skills to apply skills and strategies in learning, to deal with problems creatively, to communicate, interact and work well with people, and to operate across discipline and professional boundaries.

The graduates are expected to have a broad-based academic foundation and practical skills in surveying to enter into an international workplace or to continue education in local and overseas universities. More important even the basis of valuation could be different when working for a particular sector. What is obvious is the general reporting by valuers irrespective of the type of valuation being carried out. There are four key areas that valuers need to address if they have to remain relevant in the market: i Understanding the dynamics of the real estate markets Due to growing complexities of real estate markets and the need for multi-disciplinary approaches not only in real estate project idea formulation, investment analysis but also in real estate transactions, it is imperative valuers in developing countries like Tanzania acquaint themselves with skills to work in teams with other professionals and taking lead.

It is as Scarrett observes crucial to develop an understanding of the market operations and its actors in trying to interpret the working of property investment markets. As rightly pointed out by Wayman et al. It is this battling that a Valuer has to manage being impartial. Notwithstanding the turmoil in the real estate market, a Valuer should strive for higher precision and reliability. This requires an examination of the usefulness of the traditional valuation methods which may not be easy as pointed out by Dell While all 25 practising senior valuers interviewed during August — September believed the complaints on acuracy of valuation were genuine, 9 respondents thought the reason for inacuracy was non-application of statistical analysis of the valuation data collected.


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  • For this group, value estimates are likely to be more precise where a large dataset is established and analysed. This contrasted with 6 other respondents who argued valuation estimates can be an outcome of a mathematical analysis but not a mathematical nor statistical product. The resulting value estimates must be subjectively examined to find out whether it makes sense or not. Often, it is not the mathematics or the rigour of data analysis but resorting to wrong assumptions inferential approach , the attempt to stick to theoretical statistical purity instead of aiming for understandability and usefulness of the results.

    It was also the case that Valuers did not make use of existing data at all in the studied cases. Hunch of what a rate to apply seems adequate for most valuers and in a relatively more informed cases, valuers will pick up a phone and call a colleague who volunteers a rate to be applied. This is irrespective of any information that is available in the market. The remaining 10 did not agree that valuations being carried out in Tanzania were ridden with inacuracy.

    The main argument advanced was that in foreclosure transactions, banks have been ill-advised on the mode of disposing pledged collaterals.

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    Examples were cited on three instances where properties were sold in a public auction in three different trading periods but the same participants showed up in the auctions suggesting a cartel of actors in public auction. Choice of an approach will depend on the purpose and nature of the valuation. Guided by the OP The arguments advanced are borrowed from the OP Certainly complaints over inadequate compensation assessment are real and often are not results of the assessment but rather delayed compensation Komu, Such evidence can be had from physical inspection of the asset, inquiries, computation and analysis.

    While the local practice seems to adhere to the general provision regarding reporting standards such as setting out the scope of assignment, dates of inspection and the name of valuers who carried out the inspection, there is an observation that general copy and paste syndrome is rampant in the report, some to the extent of misleading the reader of the report.

    As a result, out of 25 reports examined from different valuation firms, only 6 reports seemed to have taken deliberate action to specifically reflect on the subject of valuation, drew up the relevance of what it was being reported and therefore lending the report more credibility. In the majority of the reports, it was coincidentally found the size of the valuation reports were more or less the same averaging between 15 and 20 pages for residential properties. These last pages were unique to each of the valuation report studied unlike the first part which were both in content the same across the board.

    When studied each of the problems seem to have a solution in having a comprehensive law that govern the practice. The passing of the Valuation Bill in and the devolution of the Office Chief Government Valuer into 5 zonal offices in March may seem to have addressed the problem particularly those related to delayed valuation servics, value-reporting and inconsistences.

    The serious problems that require attention are those dealing with inaccuracies and variances between valuers. Valuers should be aware of the following: i Real estate market cycles are the norm and could lead to a vibrant real estate market as is currently the case in Tanzania which enhances confidence in high values. It is important to build capacity on ways of measuring the cycles and ability to spot the turning points in the market.

    Actors in the market are more likely to spot a period of change and increased uncertainty which compel them to rush to complete deals. Practising valuers in Tanzania have not recognized the risk that is facing them mainly because there have been no major cases of negligence and resulting liability against them in litigation. Besides, sharing information has been limited amongst practicing valuers especially those in the private sectors who perceive themselves as rival Baruti, But unlike other government services, valuation is paid-up services and customers ought to be made aware of whatever rights they may have in terms of delivery fair, prompt etc , quality of report e.

    The financial crisis that hit the globe a few years ago resulted from doubts over the accuracy of valuations and the corresponding fear of value adjustments. This was one of the main reasons that sparked off withdrawal of substantial amounts of money from the funds Mpogole, In either case, the Investor uses the valuation report to either solicit for a loan or shares and may not be in a position to pay valuation fees upfront.

    This has created room for freelancing valuers who are not easily reachable and regulated. A limited number of valuation customers were interviewed 3. In all cases, there was concern expressed as why a given property offered as collateral for a loan had different value when valued for insurance. In such situations, it is possible for a valuer to adopt a different valuation approach and the results could be different. Conclusions Valuation is certainly an important and atractive sector in its own right which requires careful handling by the countries.

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    It is an important cornerstone of the financial sector, a view equally shared by many other scholars. It is crucial in the assessment of assets offered as collaterals so that financial institutions have a benchmark beyond which they should not advance loans. It is central in wealth creation and protection both to central and local governments. It sets out the taxable value for variety of taxes and types of assets. Valuation assessments are important in making an informed decision to proceed with particular line of investment whether it is in leasing market or outright acquisition.

    The enthusiasm with which nations and particularly emerging and developing countries embrace and introduce valuation as a discipline in their curriculum has been unprecedented. What we however note in some countries is the ease with which they are swayed by the market demand for allied valuation services such as property management. As a result, they have replicated the valuation-training program or re-direct resources to the other non-valuation programs.

    In the developing world, where the most topical issues are not valuation but rather land redistribution, land management related programs are more popular and pose threat to the valuation as a discipline. Land management programs would cover such subjects as land administration, cadastres, land use planning and resettlement etc.

    Such programs are easy targets for donor-funded programs and would readily find their place in the universities of these countries. A rational economy will have to look for ways of balancing resources so as to be able to realise adequate trained skills in both business and land-related valuations.

    Current development in the global economy dictates no other way than unification of standards in various disciplines. So long as dealings in real estate continuously become global on account of maturing of capital markets and trading across the borders is made easier with improved communication technology, the need for harmonising valuation processes and methodology cannot be over-emphasized. A global unified approach will ensure consistent approaches in the discharge of the valuation services by the valuers on one hand, and mutual understanding of the roles and responsibilities of the parties to valuation services on the other.

    For a unified approach, there must be a global definition of the valuation profession. The International Valuation Standards Council and its allied professional associations have put efforts towards this direction in place already. There will always be need to guide development towards this direction and the starting point will be the training at universities especially those in developing countries and Africa in particular. There should be agreement on the basic education required to enter the profession and the universities must agree on a curriculum that ensures and promotes quality products.

    At industry level, nations will have to agree on reciprocal relations that will enable valuers to work across border. Facts and Figures Dar es Salaam: Ardhi University. Baruti, E. Chief Government Valuer. Komu, Interviewer Baruti, E. Komu, Interviewer Baxter, J. The Appraisal Journal, Fall , Elliot, P. International Valuation Standards Frameworks and Requirements. London: International Valuation Standards Council.

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    How to get the best property valuation…according to a RICS surveyor

    This new edition continues to be of excellent value to both students and practitioners alike as it provides the reader with a clear understanding of the methods and techniques of valuation. Foreword Preface Acknowledgements 1. Principles of Valuation 2. Methods of Valuation Valuation Approaches 3. Property in Land 4.

    How to get the best property valuationaccording to a RICS surveyor - The Property Voice

    The Market Approach or Comparative Method 5. Market Rent 6. Outgoings 7. Yield 8. Investment Mathematics as it applies to Property valuation 9. Income Approach or Investment Method Discounted Cash Flow Residual Approach or Development Method Developments in Valuation Approaches Some Practical Points Principles of the Law of Town and Country Planning Development Properties Residential Properties